IGCSE SYLLABUS


NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS


Tectonic Processes (5 weeks)
Weathering (3 weeks)
Climate and Ecosystems (4 weeks)
Marine Processes (5 weeks)
Weather (4 weeks)
River Processes (5 weeks)




VolcanoStructure.jpg


Tectonic Processes







IGCSE Geography candidates should be able to



Describe the general distribution of fold mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and explain how this distribution is related to movements at plate boundaries
-Show a basic understanding of plate tectonics, describing the global pattern of plates, their structure, and be aware of plate movements and their effects - plates moving away from each other (sea floor spreading), plates moving towards each other (subduction) and plates sliding past each other.
Demonstrate an understanding of the main features of volcanoes (and their eruptions) and earthquakes.

The inter-relationship of physical and human geography

IGCSE Geography candidates should be able toDemonstrate an understanding that the natural environment presents hazards and offers opportunities for human activities. Reference should be made to the hazards posed by volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tropical storms, flooding and drought. Use could be made of the study of contemporary examples to illustrate. This information would provide candidates with valuable case study information. Such examples could form resource material given in examination questions when candidates might be expected to illustrate inter-relationships between the natural environment and human activities from the data presented. Reference to the opportunities and problems posed for people could be incorporated when studies are made of the natural environment, for example the advantages and difficulties offered by river flood plains and deltas.











  • How can overgrazing and overcultivation lead to desertification?
  • What is soil management?
  • What is the relationship between soil type and ecosystems?








800px-Chameleon_-_Tanzania_-_Usambara_Mountains.jpg
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Ecosystems and Climate




IGCSE Geography candidates should be able to
Describe and explain the main characteristics of the climate in the regions listed in the Syllabus [tropical rain (evergreen) forest and tropical desert]: temperature - mean temperature of the hottest month, mean temperature of the coolest month, therefore the annual range; rainfall - the amount and seasonal distribution; other climate features - wind, cloud, humidity etc. Factors influencing these characteristics should be noted such as latitude, pressure systems and the winds to which they give rise, distance from the sea, altitude and ocean currents. Candidates should be familiar with climatic graphs showing the main characteristics of temperature and rainfall of the climates in the regions listed.
IGCSE Geography candidates should be able to
Describe the characteristics and distribution of the two ecosystems listed in the Syllabus [tropical rain (evergreen) forest and tropical desert].
Explain the relationship in each ecosystem of natural vegetation and climate

The interrelationship of Human and Physical Geography

IGCSE Geography candidates should be able to
Demonstrate an understanding that the natural environment presents hazards and offers opportunities for human activities. Reference should be made to the hazards posed by volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tropical storms, flooding and drought. Use could be made of the study of contemporary examples to illustrate. This information
would provide candidates with valuable case study information. Such examples could form resource material given in examination questions when candidates might be expected to illustrate inter-relationships between the natural environment and human activities from the data presented. Reference to the opportunities and problems posed for people could be incorporated when studies are made of the natural environment, for example the advantages and difficulties offered by river flood plains and deltas. The impact of human activities on the two ecosystems named in 2.2 should be considered



WEEK 1 -Biomes and Ecosystems

Key Concepts and Learning Objectives


  • What is a biome?
  • Why are biomes located where they are?
  • What are the primary influences on biomes?
  • What are food webs?
  • Energy flows?
  • What are nutrient cycles?

Worksheet and website for classwork.
interactive climate map
Biomes of the world
Worksheet


HOMEWORK- set Tuesday 23rd March due Thursday 25th March
Answer questions 1 & 2 on page 242 of New Wider World


WEEK 2
Key Concepts and Learning Objectives

HOMEWORK set 13th April due 15th. April

WEEK 3
Key Concepts and Learning Objectives

HOMEWORK - set 20th April due 22nd. April

WEEK 4
Key Concepts and Learning Objectives

HOMEWORK - set 27th April due 29th April



ALL CLASSWORK AND HOMEWORK WILL BE COLLECTED IN FOR MARKING ON THURSDAY 29th. APRIL, NON PRODUCTION OF WORK WILL RESULT INDEPARTMENT, HUMANITIES OR FRIDAY DETENTIONS.




END OF MODULE TEST - Thursday 29th April
Will consist of several short answer questions that will test your overall knowledge of the subject and an extended answer question testing your in depth knowledge of a single case study or a variety of case studies.

KEYWORDS GLOSSARY
You will need to be able to clearly define all of the following terms.



PAST PAPER QUESTIONS
  • Explain why parts of some continents, such as South America and Africa, experience a tropical rainforest climate whilst other parts experience a tropical desert climate. (7 marks)
  • Describe the problems experienced by people living in areas at risk from desertification. You may refer to examples which you have studied. (7 marks)
  • Explain why desert areas such as the Sahel are hot and dry. You may use sketch maps and diagrams in your answer. (5 marks)

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