In order to revise effectively for the forthcoming exams you will need to know exactly what it is that you have to revise.
The Revision Checklist is essential,you simply have to print it off and then tick the relevant sections and add notes.....easy and a guaranteed way in which you can check what you do and dont know.
The detailed syllabus along with the 2007 past paper and mark scheme can all be found here and it is really useful to have a complete copy of the syllabus so that you can ensure that you are revise what the examiners will test you on.

It may sound silly but watch these videos on how to maximise your efficiency in revision, it will help you gain that A grade that you want at IGCSE so that you can go on to study IB Geography with no worries!


These are my personal favourite ways to revise, you may think differently but it never hurts to try out different ways to revise as it really does help. Also try going round to a friends house to revise, yes chat and eat chocolate but also use the time effectively and you will be able to double your revision effort, two brains are ffectively better than one sometimes.



Agricultural Systems and Processes

You have to understand the differences between a closed and an open system.
Farming as a System
This is where we started our work on agriculture.external image Farming+System.png
Types of Farming:
1. Commerical Farming - the growing of crops / rearing of aniamls to make a profit
2. Subsistence Farming - where there is just sufficient food producted to provide for the farmer's own family
3. Arable Farming - involves the growing of crops
4. Pastoral Farming - invovles the rearing of animals
5. Intensive Farming - where the farm size is small in comparison with the large amount of labour, and inputs of capital, fertilisers etc. which are required.
6. Extensive Farming - where the size of a farm is very large in comparison to the inputs of money, labour etc.. needed

FARMING SYSTEMS
INPUTS - these are things that go into the farm and may be split into Physical Inputs (e.g. amount of rain, soil) and Human Inputs (e.g. labour, money etc.)
PROCESSES - these are things which take place on the farm in order to convert the inputs to outputs (e.g. sowing, weeding, harvesting etc.)
OUTPUTS - these are the products from the farm (i.e. wheat, barley, cattle)

Depending on the type of farming e.g. arable/ pastoral, commerical / subsisitence, the type and amount of inputs, processes and outputs will vary.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/agriculture/char_farmrev2.shtml
Farming as a system, BBC Bitesize

The Green Revolution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Revolution
Wikipedia is a good place to start
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/6496585.stm
BBC, The limits of a Green Revolution
http://www.indiaonestop.com/Greenrevolution.htm
From Bengal Famine to Green Revolution
http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/SNYDERD/APHG/Unit%205/GreenRev.htm
The Green Revolution in India

If you back up your notes with reading these websites it makes a great case study for Agricultural Processess and Population with reference to Boserup and the fact that man is infinitely inventive and creative in solving the problems of feeding people. Although in this case it wasnt particularly successful.

Subsistence Farming
Ourr LEDC case study for this was from The New Wider World Textbook on Bangladesh and the Ganges river valley

Commercial Farming
We looked at plantation tea farming and the conditions for the workers. How to make tea.
We also looked at factory farming with the focus on.the Meatrix
Remember for all types of farming you have to be able to identify the inputs, outputs and processes.

Food Shortages and Food Aid
This ties in with some of the elements from population and migration.
Definitions of undernutrition and malnutrition, and diseases associated with both such as Marasmus and Kwashikor.
The physical causes of food shortages; pests, drought, soil exhaustion, floods, tropical cyclones, disease.
The human causes of food shortages; poverty, transport, war, civil conflict, politics, commercial farming and cash crops, low capital investment,
The impact of The UN and UNWFP
Food Aid is not enough on it´s own
[[http://World Food Programme, who are we and why do we do it|World Food Programme, who are we and why do we do it]]

Industrial Systems and Processes

The Systems Approach to Industry
industry_system[1].gif
Systems in Manufacturing and High Tech Industry

Industry and Development

Employment Structure

Industrial Location